Gunta Stölzl (1897-1983), the first woman to become a Master at the Bauhaus, is a German textile artist who played a fundamental role in the development of the weaving workshop as well as in the prosperity of the Bauhaus school. Trained by Vassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee and Johannes Itten, she combined the theories taught at the Bauhaus, such as those concerning form and color, with traditional textile techniques, then invented new ones. She collaborated closely with her boyfriend at the time, Marcel Breuer, in the design of avant-garde chairs such as the African Chair. Stölzl, creates designs of immeasurable modernity making the workshop one of the most creative, productive and innovative of the Bauhaus. The latter has allowed the school to endure over time and make it as memorable as ever. After the school moved to Dessau, Stölzl became the school's first female master. With her inexhaustible inspiration and drive, she encouraged commercialization, production and innovation in the studio. These discoveries contributed to the development of industrial design and a whole new vision of textile art. When the school gave her more freedom, she could fully explore her creativity and let her imagination run wild. Stölzl creates complex assemblages that are characterized by the combination of shapes and textures. Her patterns are vibrant, colorful and uniquely textured. New fibers such as artificial silk and glazed yarn are often used in the design of upholstery fabrics to create technical innovations. His work is now on display at MoMA in New York.
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